(Full disclosure: This fact checker was born in Seoul

Trump’s claim that Korea ’actually used to be a part of China’

”He then went into the history of China and Korea. Not North Korea, Korea. And you know, you’re talking about thousands of years… and many wars. And Korea actually used to be a part of China. canada goose outlet niagara falls And after listening for 10 minutes, I realized that it’s not so easy.” President goose outlet canada Trump, interview with the Wall Street Journal, April 12, 2017

This claim was largely buried in news coverage of Trump’s wide ranging interview with the Journal, during which he made numerous flip flopson several policy areas. But it belatedly went viral in South Korea after aQuartz articleTuesday drew attention www.canadagoosepark.com to it. president’s rhetoric amid heightened tensions between North and South Korea. Leaders across the political spectrum criticized Trump’s characterization, calling it a clear distortion of history and an attempt to undermine canada goose outlet Korean sovereignty.

uk canada goose Trump’s phrasing canada goose outlet near me that the Korean Peninsula ”actually used to be a part of China” may be his SparkNotes version, not a verbatim account of Xi’s history lesson. (The two spoke through interpreters.) The White House did not respond to our request for clarification. uk canada goose

Here’s a look atwhat was misleadingabout Trump’s claim. Perhaps it will help the president canada goose outlet uk avoid future blunders as he wades into Northeast Asian geopolitics. (Full disclosure: This fact checker was born in Seoul.)

The Facts Korea has been long intertwined culturally and historically with China but was not under direct and official territorial control by China, despite repeated Chinese invasions.

buy canada goose jacket Xi and Trump may have been referring to the tributary system between China and Korea, during which Korea gained protection from China while it was forced to pay ”tributes,” or gifts. These gifts ”signaled a subordinate but still independent position,” historian Kyung Moon Hwang wrotein the Korea Times. buy canada goose jacket

Canada Goose Online The birth of the modern Korean Peninsula can be traced to the mid 7th century, after the unification of three kingdoms: Goguryeo, Silla and Baekjae. Goguryeo encompassed what is now Manchuria and the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Canada Goose Online

This tributary system began after the three kingdoms united with the help of China, and it lasted, with exception, from roughly the 7th century to the 19th century. One was during the Han dynasty, through a system called ”commanderies” of northern parts of the Korean Peninsula under Goguryeo. This was more of a colonial system, but Quartz noted that Chinese researchers ”have tried to argue that this places Korea within ’Chinese local history.’ ”

uk canada goose outlet The other time was in the 13th century during the Goryeo era, which succeeded the original three kingdoms, under Mongolian rule of both China and Korea. Hwang wrote: ”For nearly a century Mongol controlled China treated Goryeo somewhat like a colony, directly controlling its northern territories and constantly interfering in Goryeo’s internal affairs; in fact the Mongol emperor in Beijing even determined Goryeo’s monarch, whose ancestry, beginning with canada goose victoria parka outlet his canada goose outlet orlando mother, was usually more Mongol than Korean.” uk canada goose outlet

canada goose coats on sale Trump’s description echoes a Chinese nationalist version and ignores the competing interpretations of the relations among Korea, canada goose outlet online uk China and Japan. Tensions between Koreans and Chinese over whether China exerted territorial control over Goguryeoblew over about a decade ago when a Chinese government backed group sought to rewrite the history of ancient Chinese influence in Northeast Asia, particularly in Korea. Koreans saw this as an effort to recast themas political subjects of China, and South Korea started its own competing government backed project to research the history of Goguryeo. In the face of growing controversy, China promised South Korea it would not revise its textbooks, according to the Atlantic. canada goose coats on sale

canada goose clearance sale [Update: On April 20, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang did not clarify what Xi said, but told media: ”There is nothing for South Koreans to worry about.”] canada goose clearance sale

This is not the first time Trump and his administration have ignored nationalist sensitivities in East Asia, particularly regarding South Korea.

canada goose In March, when North Korea fired ballistic missiles into the body of water between the Korean Peninsula and Japan, administration officials used the canada goose outlet location name preferred by the Japanese government (”Sea of Japan”) with no acknowledgment of the naming dispute for the body of water or alternative names. In response to a display of North Korean missiles this month, Trump claimed the USS Carl Vinson was headed toward North Korea when the vessel was actually traveling in the opposite direction. canada goose

canada goose uk outlet The Pinocchio Test We’re not going to rate Trump’s claim, since it’s canada goose outlet uk sale unclear whether Trump was actually quoting Xi or instead misunderstood what he was told. But hisflippant reference to the Chinese centric version of Sino Korean relations was careless, at best. canada goose uk outlet

If Trump was actually referring to the tributary system between Korea and China, then he left out a significant amount of context that distorted the relationship between them. Korea and Chinahave long been intertwined, geopolitically and culturally. But Korea, or even Goguryeo, was not a spinoff of China, as he made it seem.

Canada Goose Outlet Korea has its own unique roots and history. It would be worthwhile for the president to get his history lesson from Korean experts, perhaps at the State Department, rather than potentially self serving accounts from foreign leaders Canada Goose Outlet.